Fraser Fir (Abies fraseri) This type of fir is native to the Appalachian Mountains in the southeastern United States. These fir trees are some of the tallest fir trees in their native habitats. Evergreens also d… However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. South central. Also called the pindrow fir, this species of fir tree grows large and has a distinctive long slender conical shape. It has a delightful fragrant aroma and soft flat green needles that stay on the tree after being cut. Needles on the balsam fir are typically soft and have a rich green color. Balsam fir is a popular type of Christmas tree. Most species of Fir trees in America are found in the northern region. Types include bigcone Douglas-fir, common Douglas-fir and "Rocky Mountain" common Douglas-fir. There are many types of fir trees and although they’re all similar, each type grows in a specific location and has a unique color and shape. Types of Evergreen Trees That Will Leave You Wonder-struck. The leaves of these trees are needle-like, and each leaf is uniquely attached to the branch by a suction-like cup at its base. True firs are in the genus Abies and there are between 45-55 species of these evergreen conifers worldwide. Douglas fir is not a true fir tree but it’s a type of pine tree. Fraser fir is a small fir tree with branches angled upwards. Some of the tallest types of fir trees can reach impressive heights of 262 ft. (80 m) and some smaller kinds may only be 32 ft. (10 m) tall. The seed cones are 3 1/2 to 8 1/2 inches long, yellow-green in color, ripening to brown. There are four types of true cedar trees that belong to the Cedrus genus, though there are also several ‘false’ cedar trees, which are commonly referred to as cedar trees but do not belong to the cedar genus. The seed cones are 3 1/2 to about 7 inches long, greenish when young and dark brown when mature. Conifers are also known as softwoods. However, all New World trees we commonly call “cedar” are of the family Cupressaceae, often referred to as cypress. American beech. In botany, an evergreen tree type or plant is a plant that has leaves in all seasons. Loosen compacted soils by digging in compost or other organic amendments before planting the tree. Knowing the scientific name of true fir trees can help to identify them. The bark is smooth and gray. California red fir (Abies magnifica) (click on each photo to enlarge image) Needles: White on both top and bottom surfaces; about 1" long; shaped like a hockey stick. As with most fir trees, branches from the lower part drop off, meaning that foliage is concentrated at the top of the tall tree. Douglas Fir Is Confusing to Taxonomists . Fir Trees. Maine Native Fir Trees, Abies and Pseudotsuga There are two varieties of Abies balsamea, one being typical of the species, var. Bark on young trees is smooth and gray, becoming rough and scaly as the tree ages. These trees native to India and Pakistan and require a lot of humidity and rainfall to grow well. Fir trees are a genus of the evergreen coniferous trees and are also a popular choice for the holiday season. Evergreen trees work well for practical use as an outdoor privacy screen or windbreaker. The White fir has soft needles that are light bluish-green above, and measure up to 2.3 (6 cm) long. This is one of the tallest types of fir tree and its botanical name procera literally means tall. The smooth bark is dark gray, gradually turning rough and scaly as the tree ages. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. The two and a half-inch flat needles are shiny dark green on the top with two white lines on the undersides and release an orange fragrance when crushed. These needle leaves are arranged spirally on the branches but they appear to be in 2 horizontal rows. The scientific name of the California red fir gives a clue as to its size and stature. People often use fir, spruce and even pine interchangable in casual conversation. SHOP SEEDS . This fir tree displays a full pyramid shape with blue or dark green leaves that have one of the richest scents of all the Christmas trees. The needles are around 1.18” (3 cm) and have notched tips. This species makes a good living Christmas tree due to its small size. They are closely related to other coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae such as pines and cedars. These coniferous trees prefer cooler climates where they get full sun. As can be seen from the outline of debate below, there is no 'correct' list of trees of Britain and Ireland. There are many different kinds of evergreen plants, both trees and shrubs. As you may be able to tell by its scientific name, the Douglas fir is not a true fir tree. The fir tree is identified by its light bluish-green needles and 4-inch (12 cm) long pale brown barrel-like cones. Fir trees are a species of large evergreen conifer trees that are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. The bark of young fir trees is usually smooth and gray. It makes a lovely contrast with dark-colored evergreens. The low-maintenance tree prefers full sun and can grow in a variety of soil types as long as they drain well. The best fir species for use as potted, living Christmas trees are the Fraser, balsam, white, Spanish, and noble firs. This makes it perfect for those looking for a traditional Christmas tree. Subalpine firs grow up to 66 ft. (20 m) and are also popular in ornamental landscaped gardens. Like all conifers, it produces a cone that is spherical. The silver fir is a tall slender species of conifer native to Europe. All regions. Tiny, yellowish-green flowers appear on the tree in March and April, producing acorns up to 1 inch long. These huge fir trees grow to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall and their trunk is 6.6 ft. (2 m) in diameter. Fruit: Large woody cones (3-6" long); cylindrical in shape; purple in color. Needles that make up the “leaves” are light pale-green and flat. The fir needles have a distinct citrus aroma. These are also an important type of tree for its pulp to make paper. The needles are soft and are dark glossy green in color. Spanish firs have a distinct conical shape and purple cones. This grand fir tree grows up to 230 ft. (70 m) tall and has a conical pyramid shape. So, whatever your landscaping needs are, there are many varieties of evergreen trees to choose from. And this species is known for its beautiful symmetry and tall upright nature. If you look at pictures of mature silver firs, you can often see the distinctive pyramid shape at the very top of the tree. Dwarf varieties of these evergreens are some of the most popular Christmas trees. Types of Fir Wood . Unlike many types of fir where the foliage only grows at the top, the whole shape of the tree is conical. The essential oil derived from the needles can be used to treat colds, rheumatism, and nasal congestion. Other coniferous trees such as Douglas fir, joint fir, and hemlock fir are also called firs, but they are not true firs because they belong to different genera like Pseudotsuga, Ephedra, and Tsuga. Its leaves are leathery, dark green, shiny and grow up to 5 … The west Himalayan fir grows to between 130 and 200 ft. (40 – 60 m) tall. Some of the most commonly planted firs include: White Fir (Abies concolor) – this fir tree has soft, gray-green to silvery blue-green foliage. Choose a species with good cold hardiness in your region. The foliage forms a conical shape at the top of the tree. Southwest. Douglas firs grow from medium-sized to extremely large anywhere up to 330 feet tall. This tree demands cooler temperatures and moist soils, making it a popular Christmas tree types in northern areas, where it grows about a foot per year. Like most coniferous trees, firs have needle-like leaves that stay green all year long. This tree is sensitive to heat and often struggles in climates warmer than zone 5. The plants are native to North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. There are many other types of evergreen trees have different exciting characteristics that we’ll talk about in this article. Water: Plant in consistently moist, well-drained soil. These trees are very fragrant when first cut. The important coniferous fir trees of North America include the true firs and Douglas fir. Noble firs grow to between 130 and 230 ft. (40 – 70 m) tall. This subalpine fir does well in areas with some shade. Fir trees make useful specimen plantings and have erect cones. Top needles point forward like ski jumpers; side needles are nearly perpendicular to the twig. Identifying features are the 2 rows of green needles on each twig and small fat light-brown colored cones. Noble firs show attractive, smooth, silvery-gray bark with one inch gray-green or bright blue-gray leaves. Foliage underside. They can grow up to 5.5” (14 cm) long and measure 1.6” (4 cm) wide. Several species are useful as a source of timber, and a number are cultivated as ornamentals. The smooth, gray bark of young trees becomes rough and orange-red on older trees. Korean firs are small ornamental trees that grow to between 33 and 60 ft. (10 – 18 m). There are many reasons why the balsam fir has become a popular type of Christmas tree. Some species of evergreen trees are large elegant trees and some are small bushy shrubs. It rarely grows to a height of 25 meters. True cedars belong to the family of pine trees, called Pinaceae. Here are 12 popular types of fir trees for your landscape. Unlike the clusters of pine needles on a branch, fir tree needles attach individually to the branches and not in clusters or attached to small woody projections. The underside of the needles has 2 white stomatal bands giving the foliage a lighter appearance. The balsam fir is identified by its flat needles that grow to 1.18” (3 cm) long. Douglas fir is a hard type of softwood tree that is used for flooring, construction, veneer, and for general timber. American elm. Many trees in the Abies genus come in dwarf varieties, making them especially suited as potted living Christmas trees that can continue to be grown in pots or moved into the landscape after the holiday. A favorite species for Christmas trees, the noble fir features long needles in a deep blue-green shade. One of the smaller species of fir tree is the Korean fir that has a short shrub-like appearance. The ornamental Subalpine Fir tree grows at high altitudes. They can grow to between 80 and 195 ft. (24 – 60 m). Similar to noble firs, Nordmann fir trees are one of the most popular types of Christmas trees. American chestnut. Hardy to -40 degrees F, the slow growth rate of this variety makes it great for folks who don’t have the time or inclination to regularly prune their shrubs. The eight species marketed beneath this name are spruce, spruce pine, jack pine, balsam fir, lodgepoleṣ pine, Engelmann spruce, and red spruce. Fir trees are also distinguished by cones that stand upright on the branches like candles. We’re familiar with trees like Alaskan cedar and western red cedar, but they are cedars in name only. The three-inch cones turn reddish-brown as they mature. The evergreen conifers have a distinct conical shape, even when mature. balsamea, and the other being var. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Are nearly perpendicular to the branches like candles the subalpine fir tree is one of more than years. Their short stature and conical shape conifer or deciduous tree type or,! 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